International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
  Aim and Scope - To publish peer reviewed review articles in rapidly developing field of Pharma and life sciences  
 
Article
Life Science
Volume 12 Issue 3, May 2022    Pages:136-141
The Effect of Nasal Administration in the Management of Melasma -A Case Study

Dr. S.S.Kalyani MD and Dr. Manu R. M.D. PhD
[View PDF]
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22376/ijpbs/lpr.2022.12.3.L136-141
Abstract:
Melasma is commonest among hyperpigmantation diseases which presents as irregularly shaped, but often distinctly defined as blotches of light to dark-brown pigmentation. It is a very common chronic disorder usually seen in women of childbearing age which is a frustrating condition to the women. There are 12.3% to 19.4% of world population suffering with this problem. Vyanga is one of the kshudra roga and is explained by Acharya Sushruta as painless thin brown patches over face. While considering the pathogenesis of vyanga, involvement of pitta is more and it is a rakta pradoshaja vyadhi. Depending on the pathogenesis and asrayaasrayi bhava of doshas involved, nasya(nasal route) is mainly indicated. By doing the nasya (nasal route) it it benefits in relieving the excess (pitta vriddi) pitta and also helps in varna prasadana(complexion). In this single case study, pratimarsha nasya was administered for 30 days continuously. The assessment criterias were noted before and after the treatment. Subjective parameters i.e Mukhamagatya mandalam (patches), Shyava varna(pigmentation), Kandu (itching), Parusha sparsha(dry skin)  are the chief complaints of Vyanga and objective parameters such as  MASI (Melasma area seviarity index). Assessments are done before and after the treatment. Symptoms of Melasma (Vyanga) decreased and it showed clinical progressiveness of the treatment given. In our study we found Color (pigmentation) of the leision had shown improvement.
Keywords: Melasma, Ayurveda, Vyanga, Yastyadi Talia, Pratimarsha Nasya.
Full HTML:
  1. Pichardo R, Vallejos Q, Feldman SR, Schulz MR, Verma A, et al. (2009) The prevalence of melasma and its association with quality of life in adult male Latino migrant workers. Int J Dermatol 48(1): 22-26.
  2. Werlinger KD, Guevara IL, González CM, Rincón ET, Caetano R, et al. (2007) Prevalence of selfdiagnosed melasma among premenopausal Latino women in Dallas and Fort Worth, Tex. Arch Dermatol 143(3): 424-425.
  3. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459271 [cited 27-4-2022].
  4. Shastri Kaviraj Ambikadatta, editor. Chaukhamba Sanskrit Sansthan, Varanasi. 14th ed; 2003. Sushruta. Sushruta Samhita, Nidana Sthana, Kshudraroga Nidana Adhyaya, 13/45-46; p. 288.
  5. Agnivesha Charaka, Dridhabala Aacharya VJ, editors. Charaka Samhita, sutra Sthana, Trishothiya Adhyaya. reprint ed. Vols. 18/25. Varanasi: Chaukhamba Prakashan; 2009. p. 107.
  6. Satoskar RS, Bhandarkar SB, Ainapure SS. Prakashan. 16th ed. Mumbai: Popular Press; 1999. Pharmacology and Pharmaco Theuraputics. p. 843-4. Sec XIII.
  7. Trikamji Acharya Yadavaji. Sushruta Samhita with Nibandha Sangraha commentary by Dalhana. 8th ed. Varanasi: Choukhamba Sanskrit [reprint]; 2005, Pg no-318.
  8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459271 [cited 27-4-2022].
  9. Wadkar VA, Atri VV. Role of Panchakarma in Ayurveda cosmetology: A literary review. J Ayurveda Integr Med Sci. 2020 Oct 31;5(05):286-4.
  10. Nille GC, Chaudhary AK, Rajmane SJ. The probability of advance fortune of cosmetology on doctrines of Ayurveda–the ancient science of life with beauty.
  11. Hardia A, Pol H, Pol S. A study to evaluate the efficacy of Jalauka Avacharana in Vyanga vis-a-vis Melasma. J Ayurveda Integr Med Sci. 2017 Apr 30;2(2):37-40. doi: 10.21760/jaims.v2i2.7699.
  12. Wadkar VA, Atri VV. Role of Panchakarma in Ayurveda cosmetology: A literary review. J Ayurveda Integr Med Sci. 2020 Oct 31;5(05):286-4.
  13. Nille GC, Chaudhary AK, Rajmane SJ. The probability of advance fortune of cosmetology on doctrines of Ayurveda–the ancient science of life with beauty.
  14. 3 Hardia A, Pol H, Pol S. A study to evaluate the efficacy of Jalauka Avacharana in Vyanga vis-a-vis Melasma. J Ayurveda Integr Med Sci. 2017 Apr 30;2(02):37-40.
  15. Nath R, Mandal SK, Mahajon B. Rational diagnostic advance of Kushtha (integumentary diseases) by a preliminary arbitrary grading system based on Ayurveda fundamental principles. J Sci Innov Res. 2019;8(2):37-45.
  16. Rajashree Debbarma, Raghunath.G.V, Binu.M.B. A clinical evaluation of jatiphala churna lepa in vyanga wsr to melasma. Int J Ayu Pharm Res. 2020:17-26. doi: 10.47070/ijapr.v8iSupply2.1691.
  17. Pandey Yogesh Kumar, Jareda Abhilasha, Sabharwal Pooja, Gaur MB. Rational approach to diagnosis and management of.
  18. Sharma RK. Charaka, Charaka samhita, siddisthana 2nd chapter, Bhagawan das chowkambha Sanskrit series, 22nd shloka. Vols. 6/202; 2011.
  19. Murthy KRS. Vagbhata, Astangasanghra, sutra sathana [29th Chapter]. chowkamba orientalia 2nd shloka. Vols. 1/511; 2012.
  20. Sharma Shivaprasad, ed. Astanga sangraha, uttaratantra. 19th ed. 2000, Varanasi, chowkambha sanskrot series;36/29:815.
  21. Pandit Shri Laxman: Kshudraroga Rogadhikara. Prof. P.V. Tewari and Dr. Asha Kumari. Yogachandrika. Varanasi: Chaukhamba Visvabharati Prakashan, 1998. Chapter 34. Sholka. Pg no- 42. Vols. 10-12.
  22. Sharma Shivaprasad, ed. Astanga sangraha, uttaratantra. 19th ed. 2000, Varanasi, chowkambha sanskrot series;36/29:815.
  23. Pandit Shri Laxman: Kshudraroga Rogadhikara. Prof. P.V. Tewari and Dr. Asha Kumari. Yogachandrika. Varanasi: Chaukhamba Visvabharati Prakashan, 1998. Chapter 34. Sholka. Pg no- 42. Vols. 10-12.

 

 

 
© 2010-2015 IJLPR rights reserved. Specialized onine journals by ubijournal. Website by Ubitech Solutions