International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Life Science
Volume 11 Issue 4, July 2021    Pages:23-28
Correlation between Core Strength and Stability with Body Mass Index among Postmenopausal Women.

Bhosale Komal S, Bhosale Siddhi V, Dr. S Anandh
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22376/ijpbs/lpr.2021.11.4.L23-28
Abstract:
Women in postmenopausal period of their life face various physical and physiological changes causing lack of estrogen and progesterone hormones, changes in the reproductive and genitals organs, vasomotor system in the body along with mood related symptoms such as anxiety, etc. Lifestyle, body fat distribution and anthropometric changes adds on to the bone strength in postmenopausal women. It may be a risk factor for osteoporotic fracture, cardiovascular, metabolic diseases, etc. Core strength and stability is greatly influenced by body composition and adiposity. The aim of the study was to correlate the core strength assessed with the Body Mass Index (BMI) among postmenopausal women.  The objective of the study is to find the correlation between the core strength assessed with the Body Mass Index using 60° flexion test, Beiring Sorenson test and Unilateral Hip Bridge Endurance test among postmenopausal women with age ranging from 46-70 years. 96 healthy postmenopausal women in Karad city with a natural history of menopause were selected for the study. Based upon BMI values, the subjects were grouped as Underweight (<18.5 kg/m2), Normal weight (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), Overweight (25-29.9 kg/m2 and more). The outcome values for strength were correlated with the BMI of postmenopausal women. In the study, the Pearson correlation(r) was -0.361 and the P value was 0.0003 showing extremely significant correlation between the BMI and 60° Flexion test. For the Beiring Sorenson Test, the Pearson correlation value was -0.305 and the P value was 0.0025 showing very significant correlation between the BMI and Beiring Sorenson Test. Correlation of BMI and Unilateral Hip Bridge Endurance Test shows a Pearson Correlation value of -0.322 and the P value 0.0013 claiming very significant correlation between the BMI and Unilateral Hip Bridge Endurance Test. The study concludes that there is a significantly negative correlation between the core strength and stability with the Body Mass Index among postmenopausal women.  
Keywords: Postmenopausal women, Core strength and stability, Body Mass Index
 
 
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