International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume 10 Issue 5, December 2020    Pages:56-62
Evaluation of Antiurolithiatic Activity of Asparagus Racemosus on In Vitro Calcium Oxalate Crystallization Methods

Kishore Bandarapalle, Prasanna Raju Yalavarthi and Chandra Sekhar Kothapalli Bannoth
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DOI: 10.22376/ijpbs/lpr.2020.10.5.P56-62
Abstract:
The primary purpose of this research was to interrogate the antiurolithiatic impact of the aqueous root extract of Asparagus racemosus (AEAR) on in vitro crystallization methodology. AEAR is generally known as Shatavari, belongs to Asparagaceae family and it consists of various phytochemical components, such as alkaloids, amino acids, proteins, steroids, saponins, flavonoids, tannins, phenols and carbohydrates. The antiurolithiatic activity was studied in the availability and lack of AEAR at the concentration range of 100-1000 μg/ml by accessing crystal nucleation, crystal aggregation, and crystal growth assay methods. Standard drug Cystone was made use of positive control in the concentration range of 100-1000 μg/ml. The percentage inhibition frequency of crystal nucleation, crystal aggregation and crystal growth by AEAR and standard drug cystone was recognized to be dose-dependent in nature. The percentage inhibition of crystal nucleation, crystal aggregation, and crystal growth of cystone and AEAR was found to be 82.31±7.26 % and 65.62±5.66 %, 67.90±3.47 % and 59.54±2.13 %, 72.04±4.46 % and 59.15±4.12 %, respectively. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) estimates of the standard drug cystone on crystal nucleation, crystal aggregation and crystal growth were computed to be 415.30±21.35, 573.7±65.53 and 566.20±62.06 μg/ml, respectively, while the AEAR, IC50 values were reported to be 689.60±17.16, 818.10±60.56 and 760.30±71.07 μg/ml, respectively. The current results of the in vitro crystallization analysis demonstrated that an aqueous root extract of Asparagus racemosus presents calcium oxalate crystal inhibition potential on crystal nucleation, crystal aggregation, and crystal growth specified as a significant and promising antiurolithiatic function.
Keywords: Asparagus racemosus, Crystal nucleation, Crystal aggregation, Crystal growth, Cystone, and Antiurolithiatic activity.
 
 
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