International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume 10 Issue 5, December 2020    Pages:39-45
Prevalence of Ophthalmic Diseases, Drug Utilization and Vision Function Related Qol in Ophthalmic Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital

Guddeti Venkata Sravani, Srimath Tirumala Konduru Sridhar and Kandrekula Leela Shiva.
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DOI: 10.22376/ijpbs/lpr.2020.10.5.P39-45
Day by day, the number of individuals suffering from ophthalmic diseases has been increasing. Therefore, it is essential to determine the magnitude of the problem in different local regions as well as at the country level. Hence a prospective observational study was planned to evaluate the prevalence of various ophthalmic diseases, drug utilization patterns, and quality of life in ophthalmic patients. Five hundred patients were enrolled in the study. Data were analyzed according to the patient's age, gender, type of diseases, prescribing pattern, vision function-related quality of life. Majority of patients had mature cataract disease (20%), followed by immature Cataract (15.6%), refractive errors (18.4%), Conjunctivitis (9.8%), glaucoma (4%), and superficial punctate keratitis (4%), Pterygium (4.2%), etc. Fluoroquinolones were the most commonly prescribed antibiotics, but this class of drugs was prescribed in combination mainly with steroids. The most common anti-allergy drugs prescribed were olopatadine and ketorolac. Vision function-related quality of life in ophthalmic patients was assessed using the VF-14 SCALE.  It revealed that the majority of patients have high vision function-related quality of life of about 80-100 VF SCORE in 45.2%. This study states that Cataract was the leading disease in the ophthalmology department, and vision function was affecting the quality of life in these patients.
Keywords: Ophthalmic Patients, Cataract, Glaucoma, Drug Prescriptions, Utilization, Quality of Life
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