International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Life Science
Volume 10 Issue 4, October - November 2019    Pages:149-154
Body Mass Index of selected Overweight and Obese Indian Adolescents in Madurai district, Tamil Nadu, India

B. Bhuvaneswari and S. Parameshwari
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DOI: 10.22376/ijpbs/lpr.2020.10.4.L149-154
Abstract:
Childhood obesity is an important predusoisubg factor for most non-communicable diseases. Irrespective of the age and gender, the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity has attained alarming levels not only in developed countries but also in developing countries among all socio-economic groups. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has reached alarming levels, affecting virtually both developed and developing countries of all socio-economic groups, irrespective of their age and gender. Hence, the present study was aimed to identify the anthropometric measurements of selected overweight and obese school-going adolescents from different schools from Madurai district Tamil Nadu, India. A total of 514 adolescents (312 Girls and 202 Boys) aged 13-18 years participated from government and private schools. Mean height, weight and BMI were calculated and compared with (National centre for Health Statistics) NCHS standard references. The mean height, weight and BMI were found to be increasing as the age increases of both genders. Body Mass Index of Girls (34.18 – 35.24)was found to be higher than boys (33.49 – 32.89) of the same age group. The School-going adolescents of both genders, in general, have short stature at all ages as compared to NCHS reference data. The prevalence of Overweight 95 (18.48%) and obese 315 (61.28%) was found to be higher in Nuclear families, but there was no statistical association between family type and BMI (X2 = 2.575, p > .05). A significant relationship was found between the Body Mass Index of the adolescents and Father's Educational qualification (p=.00) and Mother's Occupation (p=.008). Nutrition education can play an important part in reducing the incidence of overweight/obesity and its associated complications. Extensive trials with a healthy school environment as an intervention may pave the way for developing new strategies to reduce the overweight and obesity in school-going adolescents.
Keywords: Body Mass Index- BMI, Overweight, Obese, Adolescents, Height and Weight.
 
 
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