International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume 10 Issue 1, January - March    Pages:11-16
Pregnant Women's Knowledge and Attitudes toward Epidural Anesthesia in Saudi Arabia

ZAIDYAH N. ZAIHI, LAILA M. HARBI, NIDAA S. JAYLAN, AISHA A. QUMIRI, ZAHRA M. ALSRORI, NAJLA M. ASHEERI, FATIMAH A. ABUDYAB, ESHRAQ E. OTHMAN, ATHAR M. MADKHAL AND RANIYAH A. AHMED
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22376/ijpbs/lpr.2020.10.1.P11-16
Abstract:
Labor pain is one of the most severe forms of pain a woman can endure throughout her lifetime. Epidural anesthesia (EA) is a widely used and effective method of analgesia for labor pain. If administered timely, EA relives about 90% to 95% of the labor pain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes toward EA in a sample of pregnant women from Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. We conducted a cross-sectional study on a sample of 172 pregnant women using an online survey. Socio demographic data and responses to the questions about knowledge and attitudes toward EA were analyzed using descriptive tests and Chi-square test. The mean age of participants was 27.8 ± 6.3 years. About 46.5% of respondents had a university degree and 39.5% had finished high school. Overall, women showed adequate knowledge about EA and 36.6% had positive attitudes toward the use of EA for labor pain. The factors that were significantly associated with positive attitudes were education (χ2: 24.98, P< 0.05), parity (χ2: 22.93, P< 0.05), past experience with EA (χ2: 32.24, P< 0.001), and source of knowledge (χ2: 19.61, P< 0.05). This study revealed adequate knowledge about EA among pregnant women. More than one-third (36.6%) showed positive attitudes toward using EA. Significant factors affecting attitudes toward EA were high education, multiparty, experience with EA, and source of information about EA. Implications and recommendations are discussed. 
Keywords: epidural, labor pain, knowledge, attitudes, pregnant
 
 
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