International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Life Science
Volume 9 Issue 1, January - March 2019    Pages:13-23
THE ROLE OF OXIDATIVE STRESS MARKERS IN Β-THALASSEMIC IRAQI PATIENTS INFECTED WITH HEPATITIS C VIRUS DIAGNOSED BY RT-PCR  

SAHAR K. AL-ANI, DR. MUSHTAK T.S. AL-OUQAILI AND DR. MUTHANNA M. AWAD
[View PDF]
DOI: DOI not available
Abstract:
Blood transfusion is associated with the risk of infection, especially hepatitis C virus and may lead to peroxidative tissue injury by secondary iron overload in b- thalassemic patients. This study aims to detect HCV-RNA copies in thalassemic patients detected by RT-PCR qualitatively and quantitatively. Also, to measure the role of enzymatic and non-enzymatic anti-oxidants markers in β-thalassemia patients infected with HCV. A total of 200 b-thalassemic patients were collected and analyzed for anti-HCV antibodies using Rapid immunochromato graphic assay and enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay methods. Then, the nucleic acids HCV-RNA of positive samples were extracted by modern automated technique. After that, Amplification for HCV-RNA was amplified. The vitamins C and, E in addition to GSH and GGT were also accurately detected. Out of 100 positive ELISA-anti-HCV antibodies, 72(72%) were also positive for RT- PCR considering the assay threshold for the procedure was >13 IU/ ml. The mean viral load in these patients was 545806 ±1009799 IU/ml (1997176±3802206) Copies/ml. There was an observed difference (P≤ 0.005) inactivity of TSB, GGT, Protein, Albumin in sera of HCV patients (2.87±1.41, 51.1±60.0, 6.44±2.00, 3.37±0.71) when compared with healthy subjects (0.99±0.46; 25.2±12.0, 7.09±0.66, 3.94±0.59) respectively while the Globulin detected evinced no significant difference (P˃0.005) in HCV patients (2.90±0.80) as compared with healthy subjects (3.14±0.42). Besides there was a significant difference (P≤0.005) in serum vitamin C, vitamin E and  GSH, between HCV patients groups (57.2±46.1, 34.7±14.6, 282.4 ±150.5) and healthy subject groups (73.0±18.0, 44.6±15.6, 353.5±59.37) respectively. The prevalence of HCV infection was much higher among β-thalassemic patients compared with the healthy blood donors. It is recommended to use nucleic acid based-tests for screening blood donors. The current study shows that there is no correlation between ELISA and viral load in hepatitis C virus infection. On the other hand, Real-Time PCR is a confirmatory diagnostic test and is considered as the golden test for the diagnosis and follow up of hepatitis C virus infection. The HCV infection significantly increases ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, and TSB level above the normal range while vitamins C, E, and GSH decreased considerably.
Keywords: β–thalassemia, Hepatitis C virus (HCV), RT-PCR, Anti-oxidants
 
 
stripe
© 2010-2015 IJLPR. All rights reserved. Specialized online journals by ubijournal. Website by Ubitech Solutions