International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume 7 Issue 1, January - March 2017    Pages:29-36
STUDY ON THE ROLE OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN LIGAMENT INJURIES BY ANKLE SPRAIN

HASSAN BARZEGARI MD,AZIM MOTAMEDFAR MD,MEISAM MOEZZI MD,SANA KOHANDEL MD AND AHMADREZA RAFIEI MD
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DOI: DOI not available
Abstract:
Ankle sprain is among the debilitating problems which happen during everyday activities or sports such as volleyball, basketball, football, wrestling and martial arts, mountaineering etc and it will lead to inability to return to sport and even interfere with daily activities due to frequent sprains, pain, and uncertainty to ankle during walking in the case of improper and sufficient treatment. In the case of low intensity of ankle ligament strain and rupture, it can be held by wrist strap and treated by the same method, but in the cases where there is a high strain severity, it is preferred to make the ankle motionless by plaster for three weeks. The ligament strain severity diagnosis is done by physician and based on the examination and imaging methods. After three weeks of treatment, whether with wrist strap or plaster, the patient should do special exercise to increase the flexibility of joint and increase the shank muscles. If this exercise is not properly done, the ankle sprain may recur repeatedly. In the case of patient's repeated ankle pain, he should be examined for relevant injuries such as damage to cartilage or ligament instability in ankle ligaments. In the case of these injuries, the patient may have to undergo surgery. This study is conducted on the accuracy of ultrasonography in patients with foot and ankle trauma admitted to emergency department. Our findings of study indicate that the ultrasound is an effective method which can be used in emergency department for adults in order to diagnose the ankle tendon injuries. Sonographic imaging leads to high levels of satisfaction in patients. Furthermore, the ultrasound assessment can be safely used in pregnant women and children age groups. There is a need for further studies including the study on effects of ultrasound in emergency department over time and the time of diagnosing the patients with foot and ankle trauma.
Keywords: Ultrasonography, ligament injury, ankle, sprain, diagnosis and treatment
 
 
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