International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Life Science
Volume 6 Issue 3, July-September 2016    Pages:01-06
PURIFICATION OF Β-KETOTHIOLASE FROM HALOPHILIC ARCHAEA HALOARCULA SP.1 ISOLATED FROM BHAVNAGAR COAST, GUJARAT, INDIA.

DR. APEXA PATADIA*1 AND DR. BHARTI P DAVE2
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DOI: DOI not available
Abstract:
Members of the Archaeal family have been determined to accumulate Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) during their growth. A total of 13 extremely Halophilic Archaeal isolates designated as NPW-1 to NPW-13 were capable of accumulating large amounts of PHB. Out of which best four isolates were selected from enzyme assay. Since measurements of enzyme activities related to Archaeal PHB biosynthesis have never been achieved, we investigated the first enzyme of PHB biosynthesis in Haloarcula sp.1 i.e., β-ketothiolase. Crude extracts of strain cultivated under accumulating conditions showed maximum β-ketothiolase activity. β-ketothiolase was partially purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation and highest activity was obtained in 60% saturation fraction. This is the first description of an archaebacterial β-ketothiolase . Silver staining of the purified enzyme (fraction 8) with SDS – PAGE showed that enzyme subunited molecular weight putatively identified was 45 kDa.
Keywords: Extremely halophilic Archaea, β-ketothiolase, Poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), hypersaline environments
 
 
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