International Journal of Life science and Pharma Reviews (IJLPR)  
   
 
International Journal of Life science and Pharma Research (IJLPR)
Life Science
Volume 6 Issue 2, April - June 2016    Pages:13-21
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES TOWARDS BREAST CANCER SCREENING PROGRAMS AMONG IRANIAN RURAL FEMALE POPULATIONS IN NORTH OF IRAN

HASSAN KHANI IURIGH (M.D.),MOHAMMADREZA MAJDI (M.D.),HASSAN HAJTALEBI (M.D.),AMENEH GHORBANI (M.SC.) AND HAMIDREZA HAJTALEBI (ST.)
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DOI: DOI not available
Abstract:
Screening and preventive programs are critical components in the reduction of breast cancer morbidity and mortality. The cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted to investigate the state of knowledge, attitudes, and practices of breast cancer screening programs in Iranian rural female populations. A random sample of women aged from 20 to75 years old in Mazandaran state. Selecting a representative sample of the rural female population within 20 different rural Health-Medical Centers in Mazandaran state had the same probability to be sampled. Women agreeing to participate were given a four-page, self–administered questionnaire. From 3,600 participants 3,044 (84.5%) women complete the questioners. Subject mean age was 34.98±9.1 years with a range of 20 to 81 years. Of all subjects, 60% were married, 48.6% were housewives, and 69.2% had a medium-high education. Knowledge about breast cancer prevention was 10.6% acceptable, 69.6% middle, 19.7% lower and 0.1% unacceptable of the study population. The correct answers ranged from 12.9% to about 65.1%. Most participants had fairly positive attitudes about breast cancer screening. 21.1% of the women performed breast self-examination monthly in the past year. Approximately 80.6% did not undergo a specialist visit once in past two years. In the women 40 years and older, results had suggested 94% (n = 850) didn't mammography in past two years. Due to inadequate knowledge of women, providing appropriate training in various methods of breast cancer screening for women seems essential to improve knowledge and practice.
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Breast Cancer, Female, Iran
 
 
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